What GAO Discovered
In response to GAO’s survey about facial recognition know-how (FRT) actions in fiscal 12 months 2020, 18 of the 24 surveyed businesses reported utilizing an FRT system, for a number of functions, together with:
Digital entry or cybersecurity. Sixteen businesses reported utilizing FRT for digital entry or cybersecurity functions. Of those, 14 businesses licensed personnel to make use of FRT to unlock their agency-issued smartphones—the commonest objective of FRT reported. Two businesses additionally reported testing FRT to confirm identities of individuals accessing authorities web sites.
Home legislation enforcement. Six businesses reported utilizing FRT to generate leads in prison investigations, equivalent to figuring out an individual of curiosity, by evaluating their picture towards mugshots. In some circumstances, businesses determine crime victims, equivalent to exploited kids, by utilizing business techniques that evaluate towards publicly out there photos, equivalent to from social media.
Bodily safety. 5 businesses reported utilizing FRT to observe or surveil areas to find out if a person is current, equivalent to somebody on a watchlist, or to regulate entry to a constructing or facility. For instance, an company used it to observe reside video for individuals on watchlists and to alert safety personnel to those individuals with no need to memorize them.
Ten businesses reported FRT-related analysis and growth. For instance, businesses reported researching FRT’s capability to determine people carrying masks in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic and to detect picture manipulation.
Moreover, ten businesses reported plans to broaden their use of FRT by means of fiscal 12 months 2023. For instance, an company plans to pilot the usage of FRT to automate the identification verification course of at airports for vacationers.
Examples of Facial Recognition Expertise Makes use of by Federal Businesses
Why GAO Did This Research
Facial recognition—a kind of biometric know-how—mimics how folks determine or confirm others by analyzing their faces. Latest developments have elevated the accuracy of automated FRT leading to elevated use throughout a spread of purposes. As the usage of FRT continues to broaden, it has turn out to be more and more essential to grasp its use throughout the federal authorities in a complete approach.
GAO was requested to overview the extent of FRT use throughout the federal authorities. This report identifies and describes (1) how businesses used FRT in fiscal 12 months 2020, together with any associated analysis and growth and interactions with non-federal entities, and (2) how businesses plan to broaden their use of FRT by means of fiscal 12 months 2023.
GAO surveyed the 24 businesses of the Chief Monetary Officers Act of 1990, as amended, concerning their use of facial recognition know-how. GAO additionally interviewed company officers and reviewed paperwork, equivalent to system descriptions, and knowledge offered by businesses that reported utilizing the know-how.