Works which were carried out within the historic website of Alacahöyük, one of many first archaeological excavations of the Republic period, goal to disclose the detailed cultural timeline of the 7,000-year-old metropolis.
Excavations within the Central Anatolian province of Çorum’s Alacahöyük village, which began in 1935 with the order of the founding father of Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and the contribution of his private wealth, nonetheless proceed.
The traditional website of Alacahöyük, positioned 53 kilometers away from the town middle, is among the many most necessary archaeological facilities of Anatolia because it embraced totally different civilizations because the Chalcolithic Age.
Native and international researchers from totally different disciplines have to date labored within the excavations the place necessary traces of the traditional Anatolian cultural historical past, in addition to the Hatti and Hittite civilizations, have been unearthed.
Archaeological excavations stopped after the loss of life of the earlier head of the excavation, Professor Aykut Çınaroğlu, and resumed in 2020 below the chairmanship of Professor Tayfun Yıldırım, a lecturer at Ankara College’s Division of Protohistory and Close to East Archaeology.
Talking to the state-run Anadolu Company, Yıldırım stated that they centered on two essential objectives this 12 months in Alacahöyük.
“One among my essential objectives is to establish the small print of the cultural timeline in Alacahöyük and to disclose the place of the town within the chronology of Central Anatolia according to this new data. A chronology has been tried to be made on this place since 1935, however this chronological system should compete and be in concord with the chronology we have now obtained in different Hittite cities or different mounds at the moment. Due to this fact, we’ll conduct take a look at drillings in some areas,” Yıldırım stated.
“Specifically, we’d like new information to construct the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age chronology on a stable foundation. The relationship strategies, ceaselessly used within the scientific world, and the place of Alacahöyük cultural layers are extraordinarily necessary in historical past,” he added.
Stating that they may also look at the encompassing settlements throughout the excavations, Yıldırım stated that they perform geophysical research across the ruins.
Noting that they may hint the traces of various cultures within the “decrease metropolis” a part of Alacahöyük on this 12 months’s excavation program, Yıldırım stated: “My different goal is to find out what sort of archaeological formation is there not solely within the mound but additionally across the mound.”
“We began this venture final 12 months. We’re scanning across the ruins utilizing geophysical strategies. It was additionally reported by the earlier crew that there’s a ‘decrease metropolis’ right here, however we have to reveal the small print. For this, we’ll conduct take a look at drillings. In line with these drillings, we’ll attempt to discover if there was a Bronze Age tradition right here or a ‘karum space’ [trade center established next to the city] within the period of Assyrian commerce colonies. We’ll attempt to discover solutions to those questions,” he added.
Highlighting that Alacahöyük was an necessary cult metropolis belonging to the Hittites, Yıldırım stated: “Our major objective is to protect and shield the Hittite metropolis with all its ruins. In different phrases, we have to in some way shield the Hittite palace advanced, the buildings linked to it, small temples, warehouses and granaries that had been unearthed in earlier excavations, as these ruins are essentially the most stunning visible components of the town which might be open to guests. Our major objective is to guard them. Earlier groups made an archeology park plan right here. We’ll proceed our efforts to develop this plan and adapt it to at the moment’s situations. Alacahöyük is our ancestral heritage.”